Difference between Java and Python

Java and Python are among the most popular programming languages of today that are used for developing different system applications, web apps, games, etc.

In this article, I will discuss the differences between Java and Python programming languages.

What is Java programming?

Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented, class-based programming language that was first released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems. One of the biggest reasons behind the popularity of Java is its platform independence which means a program written in java can run on several different types of machines.

In fact, Java promises “write once, run anywhere”. Java applications are compiled to bytecode that can run on any JVM (Java Virtual Machine) regardless of the architecture of a computer system.

Features of Java programming 

  • Easy to learn and code
  • Object-oriented programming language
  • Platform independent
  • Robust and secure language
  • Highly portable
  • High performance (Using its Just in time compiler)
  • Architecture neutral
  • Dynamic and extensible
  • Supports multithreading

What is Python programming?

Python is a general-purpose, high-level, interpreted programming language. It emphasizes more on code readability so its syntax is simple and easy to use.

People from different areas use it for a variety of different tasks including tasks such as web, mobile, and desktop app development. It is also used for data analysis, data visualization, machine learning, artificial intelligence, etc.

Python programming language was created by Guido Van Rossum and released in 1991.

Features of Python programming

  • Free and opensource
  • Easier than Java to learn
  • Object-Oriented Language
  • Supports GUI Programming
  • Extensible feature
  • Python is a portable language
  • Large standard library
  • It can be easily integrated with other programming languages
  • Dynamic memory allocation

Java vs Python: The key differences

The following table shows the key differences between Java and Python.

JavaPython
Java is compiled languagePython is interpreted programming language
It is statically typed languageIt is dynamically typed language
Complicated learning curve as compared to Python Easier than java to learn so it is recommended for beginners also
Has limited string operation functions Has large number of functions for string operations
Multiple inheritance can be partially implemented using interfaces Supports both single and multiple inheritance
It uses curly braces for defining a block of code It uses indentation for defining a block of code
Java is slower than PythonPython is faster than Java but slower than languages like C, C++
A program in Java requires more lines of code It requires less lines of code to write the same program
Highly portable Less portable than Java
Offers stable database connectivityIt offers weak database connectivity
Blade and Spring are backend frameworks used in JavaFlask and Django are backend frameworks used in Python
MOA, DeepLearning4j, and Mallet are ML libraries used in JavaPytorch, Tensorflow are ML libraries used in Python
JMonkeyEngines is a game development engine used in JavaPanda3d, Cocos are game development engines used in Python
It is best for developing Desktop apps, Embed Systems, Web application services, etc.It is best for scientific and numeric computing, Machine learning apps, etc

Conclusion

So now we hope you have understood the differences between Java and Python programming languages.

Now if you have a query or feedback then write us in the comments below.

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